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Anti-Cancer Activity of Curcumin on Multiple Myeloma

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Hamed Mirzaei, Hossein Bagheri, Faezeh Ghasemi, Jaber M. Khoi, Mohammad H. Pourhanifeh, Yvan V. Heyden, Erfan Mortezapour, Ali Nikdasti, Philippe Jeandet, Haroon Khan and Amirhossein Sahebkar*   Pages 575 - 586 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Multiple Myeloma (MM) is the third most common and deadly hematological malignancy, which is characterized by a progressive monoclonal proliferation within the bone marrow. MM is cytogenetically heterogeneous with numerous genetic and epigenetic alterations, which lead to a wide spectrum of signaling pathways and cell cycle checkpoint aberrations. MM symptoms can be attributed to CRAB features (hyperCalcemia, Renal failure, Anemia, and Bone lesion), which profoundly affect both the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and the life expectancy of patients. Despite all enhancement and improvement in therapeutic strategies, MM is almost incurable, and patients suffering from this disease eventually relapse. Curcumin is an active and non-toxic phenolic compound, isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma longa L. It has been widely studied and has a confirmed broad range of therapeutic properties, especially anti-cancer activity, and others, including anti-proliferation, anti-angiogenesis, antioxidant and anti-mutation activities. Curcumin induces apoptosis in cancerous cells and prevents Multidrug Resistance (MDR). Growing evidence concerning the therapeutic properties of curcumin caused a pharmacological impact on MM. It is confirmed that curcumin interferes with various signaling pathways and cell cycle checkpoints, and with oncogenes. In this paper, we summarized the anti- MM effects of curcumin.

Keywords:

Curcumin, multiple myeloma, therapy, multidrug resistance, HRQoL, CRAB features.

Affiliation:

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Institute for Basic Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Molecular and Medicine Research Center, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Blood Transfusion Research Center, High Institute for Research and Education in Transfusion Medicine, Next to Milad Tower, Tehran, Ahvaz Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Razi Drug Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Applied Chemometrics and Molecular Modelling, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Institute for Basic Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Institute for Basic Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Research Unit, Induced Resistance and Plant Bioprotection, EA 4707, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Faculty of Sciences, University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, PO Box 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2, Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, 23200, Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad



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