Palmiro Poltronieri*, Baojun Xu and Giovanna Giovinazzo Pages 567 - 574 ( 8 )
Trans-resveratrol (RESV), pterostilbene, trans-piceid and trans-viniferins are bioactive stilbenes present in grapes and other plants. Several groups applied biotechnology to introduce their synthesis in plant crops. Biochemical interaction with enzymes, regulation of non-coding RNAs, and activation of signaling pathways and transcription factors are among the main effects described in literature. However, solubility in ethanol, short half-life, metabolism by gut bacteria, make the concentration responsible for the effects observed in cultured cells difficult to achieve. Derivatives obtained by synthesis, trans-resveratrol analogs and methoxylated stilbenes show to be more stable and allow the synthesis of bioactive compounds with higher bioavailability. However, changes in chemical structure may require testing for toxicity. Thus, the delivery of RESV and its natural analogs incorporated into liposomes or nanoparticles, is the best choice to ensure stability during administration and appropriate absorption. The application of RESV and its derivatives with anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity is presented with description of novel clinical trials.
Resveratrol, stilbenes, biological activity, dysregulated gene expression, liposomes, nanoparticles.
Department of Agrofood and Biological Sciences, National Research Council, CNR-ISPA, Lecce, Food Science and Technology Program, Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University United International College, Zhuhai, Department of Agrofood and Biological Sciences, National Research Council, CNR-ISPA, Lecce