Mohamed A. El-Desouky, Abdelgawad A. Fahmi*, Ibrahim Y. Abdelkader and Karima M. Nasraldin Pages 486 - 494 ( 9 )
Background: Amygdalin (Vitamin B-17) is a naturally occurring vitamin found in the seeds of the fruits of Prunus Rosacea family including apricot, bitter almond, cherry, and peach.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of amygdalin with and without zinc on hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell line.
Methods: MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of amygdalin without zinc, amygdalin + 20μmol zinc, and amygdalin + 800μmol zinc on HepG2 cell lines. The cell cycle distribution assay was determined by flow cytometry. Apoptosis was confirmed by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay. Moreover, the pathway of apoptosis was determined by the percentage of change in the mean levels of P53, Bcl2, Bax, cytochrome c, and caspase-3.
Results: Amygdalin without zinc showed strong anti-HepG2 activity. Furthermore, HepG2 cell lines treatment with amygdalin + 20μmol zinc and amygdalin + 800μmol zinc showed a highly significant apoptotic effect than the effect of amygdalin without zinc. Amygdalin treatment induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M and increased the levels of P53, Bax, cytochrome c, and caspase-3 significantly, while it decreased the level of anti-apoptotic Bcl2.
Conclusion: Amygdalin is a natural anti-cancer agent, which can be used for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. It promotes apoptosis via the intrinsic cell death pathway (the mitochondria-initiated pathway) and cell cycle arrest at G/M. The potency of amygdalin in HepG2 treatment increased significantly by the addition of zinc.
Amygdalin, vitamin B-17, hepatocellular carcinoma, anti-cancer, Bcl2, caspase-3, P53, zinc.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science ,Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science ,Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, The British University in Egypt (BUE), El-Shorouk, Department of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, The British University in Egypt (BUE), El-Shorouk