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Evaluation of Antitumor Activity and Hepatoprotective Effect of Mitomycin C Solubilized in Chamomile Oil Nanoemulsion

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 10 ]


Waad A. Al-Otaibi, Mayson H. Alkhatib* and Abdulwahab N. Wali   Pages 1232 - 1242 ( 11 )


Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the antitumor activity and hepatoprotective effect of the MTC, when combined with CHAM oil nanoemulsion (NE), (CHAM-MTC) on the tumor growth.

Materials/Methods: The in vitro study assessed the antineoplastic effect of CHAM-MTC on the MCF-7 breast cancer cells while the in vivo therapeutic effectiveness and toxicities of CHAM-MTC were evaluated in Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC) bearing mice. One hundred female Swiss albino mice, divided equally into non-EAC group (negative control), untreated EAC group (positive control) and three EAC groups received once intraperitoneal injection of 0.2ml CHAM-NE, 0.2ml Normal Saline (NS) contained MTC (1mg/kg) and 0.2ml CHAM-NE mixed with MTC (1mg/kg), respectively.

Results: The in vitro results indicated that CHAM-NE could potentiate the effect of MTC in sub-effective concentrations since the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was reduced by a factor of 21.94 when compared to the MTC-NS. The in vivo study revealed that mice treated with CHAM-MTC showed a significant increase in the median survival time (MST= 37 days) when compared to the MTC-NS treated group (MST= 29.50 days). In addition, CHAM-MTC showed protective ability against the oxidative stress and hepatic damage induced by EAC and MTC treatment.

Conclusion: The combination of MTC with CHAM-NE could be valuable in enhancing the therapeutic efficacy of MTC against EAC and in eliminating MTC-induced hepatotoxicity.


Hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress, antioxidants, nanoemulsion, essential oils, mitomycin C.


Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Regenerative Medicine Unit, King Fahd Center for Medical Research, Jeddah

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