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Synthesis of Asymmetric 1-Thiocarbamoyl Pyrazoles as Potent Anti- Colon Cancer, Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Agent

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 15 ]

Author(s):

Dattatraya G. Raut, Sandeep B. Patil, Vikas D. Kadu, Mahesh G. Hublikar and Raghunath B. Bhosale*   Pages 2117 - 2123 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Cancer is one of the leading diseases responsible for deaths in the society. According to the American cancer society, there will be 95,270 new cases of colon cancer in the U.S. in 2016. When a normal cell turns cancerous they develop into tumours, which produce various pro-inflammatory and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines that attract leukocytes to the site of growth. The main aim of this paper is to introduce readers about the increased number of cancer patient, effects of cancer and need of research on same.

Methods: The target molecules were prepared by reacting pyrazolealdehyde with appropriate aromatic ketone by using polyethylene glycol (PEG-300) as green solvent and catalyst to yield chalcone. Furthermore, the reaction of chalcones with thiosemicabazide yields asymmetric 1-thiocarbamoyl pyrazoles. All the newly synthesized compounds were in vitro screened for their anticancer activities against Colon SW-620 by employing the sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay method. Also all the synthesized compounds tested for in vitro antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity by using known literature methods.

Results: Preliminary in vitro evaluation indicated that most of the compounds 4c, 4d and 4e possess distinct cytotoxicity profile against Colon SW-620 cell line compared to standard drug adriamycin. All the tested compounds showed good to excellent antioxidant activity against one or more reactive (H2O2, DPPH, SOR and NO) radical scavenging species. Additionally, all the synthesized compounds were screened for their in vitro antiinflammatory activity. Compounds 4a, 4b and 4e shows potent anti-inflammatory activity as compared to diclofenac sodium as a standard reference.

Conclusion: New anti- Colon SW-620 cancer agents are the need of time, we trust that 1-thiocarbamoyl pyrazole derivatives 4c, 4d and 4e constitute an interesting template for the evaluation of new anticancer agent also antioxidant and anti-inflammatory work may provide an interesting insight for further development.

Keywords:

Cytotoxicity, anticancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, PEG-300, pyrazolealdehyde, asymmetric-thiocarbamoyl pyrazoles.

Affiliation:

Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Sciences, Solapur University, Solapur - 413255 Maharashtra, Department of Pharmacology, Adarsh College of Pharmacy, Vita, Tal: Khanapur Dist: Sangli, Maharashtra, Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Sciences, Solapur University, Solapur - 413255 Maharashtra, Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Sciences, Solapur University, Solapur - 413255 Maharashtra, Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Sciences, Solapur University, Solapur - 413255 Maharashtra

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