Catia S. Branco*, Angela Duong, Alencar K. Machado, Gustavo Scola, Ana C. Andreazza and Mirian Salvador Pages 130 - 139 ( 10 )
Background: Araucaria angustifolia extract (AAE) is a polyphenol-rich extract that has gained interest as a natural anticancer agent. Recent work suggests that AAE induces oxidative damage and apoptosis through its action on decreasing complex I activity of the mitochondrial Electron Transport Chain (ETC).
Aims and Methods: In the present study, we aimed to further examine the specific targets by which AAE exerts proapoptotic effects in HEp-2 cancer cells. Specifically, the effect of AAE on the: 1) levels of pyruvate dehydrogenase was assessed by ELISA assay; 2) levels of mitochondrial ETC complexes, focusing on complex I at the gene transcript and protein level relevant to ROS generation was evaluated by multiplex ELISA followed by qRT-PCR and immunoblotting; 3) mitochondrial network distribution analysis was assessed by MitoTracker Red CMXRos; and 4) chemical variations on DNA was evaluated by dot-blotting in HEp-2 cells.
Results: Results demonstrated that AAE increased protein levels of PDH, switching energy metabolism to oxidative metabolism. Protein expression levels of complex I and III were found decreased in AAE-treated HEp-2 cells. Analyzing the subunits of complex I, changes in protein and gene transcript levels of NDUFS7 and NDUFV2 were found. Mitochondria staining after AAE incubation revealed changes in the mitochondrial network distribution. AAE was able to induce DNA hypomethylation and decreased DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1 activity.
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate for the first time that AAE alters expression of NDUFS7 and NDUFV2 mitochondrial subunits and induce epigenetic changes in HEp-2 cancer cells leading to a possible suppression of oncogenes.
Polyphenols, NDUFS7, NDUFV2, methylation, hydroxymethylation, epigenetic targets, larynx carcinoma.
University of Caxias do Sul-Institute of Biotechnology Caxias do Sul, RS, University of Toronto-Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Toronto, ON, Federal University of Santa Maria-Department of Biogenomics Santa Maria, RS, University of Toronto-Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Toronto, ON, University of Toronto-Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Toronto, ON, University of Caxias do Sul-Institute of Biotechnology Caxias do Sul, RS