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Lichen Acids May Be Used as A Potential Drug For Cancer Therapy: By Inhibiting Mitochondrial Thioredoxin Reductase Purified From Rat Lung

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 11 ]

Author(s):

Ilknur Ozgencli, Harun Budak*, Mehmet Ciftci and Mustafa Anar   Pages 1599 - 1605 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Thioredoxin reductase (E.C 1.6.4.5.; TrxR) is a widely distributed flavoprotein that catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of thioredoxin (Trx) in many cellular events such as DNA synthesis, DNA repair, angiogenesis, antioxidative defense, and regulating apoptosis. Although TrxR is indispensible in protecting cells against oxidative stress, the overexpression of TrxR is seen in many aggressive tumors. Therefore, targeted inhibition of TrxR has been accepted as a new approach for chemotherapy.

Objective: In this study, in vitro inhibition effect of the lichen acids (diffractaic, evernic, lobaric, lecanoric, and vulpinic acid) on mitochondrial TrxR purified from rat lung was investigated.

Method: It was the first time the enzyme was purified from rat lungs by using 2’, 5’-ADP Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography. The purity of the enzyme was checked with SDS-PAGE. In vitro inhibition effect of the lichen acids was investigated spectrophotometrically. To emphasize the importance of the obtained data, the commercial anticancer drugs cisplatin and doxorubicin were used as positive controls.

Results: Molecular mass of the enzyme was calculated as approximately 52.4 kDa. The enzyme was purified with a 63.6% yield, 208.3 fold, and 0.5 EU/mg proteins specific activity. The IC50 values of five lichen acids were significantly lower than IC50 values of anticancer drugs.

Conclusion: All of the lichen acids, especially lecanoric and vulpinic acid, exhibited much stronger inhibitory effect on TrxR than the anticancer drugs cisplatin and doxorubicin. These lichen acids have pharmacological potential as effective natural antioxidants, antimicrobials, and anticancer agents.

Keywords:

Thioredoxin reductase, cancer, rat lung, lichen acid, inhibition, mitochondrial TrxR.f.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemisrty, Science Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Department of Chemisrty, Art and Science Faculty, Bingol University, Bingol, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum



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