Maryam Ranjpour, Deepshikha P. Katare, Saima Wajid and Swatantra Kumar Jain* Pages 1163 - 1176 ( 14 )
Background: The network interactions link human disease proteins to regulatory cellular pathways leading to better understanding of protein functions and cellular processes. Revealing the network of signaling pathways in cancer through protein-protein interactions at molecular level enhances our understanding of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Objective: A rodent model for study of HCC was developed to identify differentially expressed proteins at very early stage of cancer initiation and throughout its progression.
Methodology: HCC was induced by administrating N-Nitrosodiethylamine (DEN) and 2-aminoacetylfluorine (2-AAF) to male Wistar rats. Proteomic approaches such as 2D-Electrophoresis, PD-Quest, MALDI-TOF-MS and Western blot analyses have been used to identify, characterize and validate the differentially expressed proteins in HCC-bearing animals vis-a-vis controls.
Results: The step-wise analysis of morphological and histological parameters revealed HCC induction and tumorigenesis at 1 and 4 months after carcinogen treatment, respectively. We report a novel protein network of 735 different proteins out of which eight proteins are characterized by MALDI-TOF-MS analysis soon after HCC was chemically induced in rats. We have analyzed four different novel routes representing the association of experimentally identified proteins with HCC progression.
Conclusion: The study suggests that A-Raf, transthyretin and epidermal growth factor receptor play major role in HCC progression by regulating MAPK signaling pathway and lipid metabolism leading to continuous proliferation, neoplastic transformation and tumorigenesis.
Hepatocellular carcinoma, protein interaction, protein network, MALDI-TOF-MS, A-Raf, MAPK.
Department of Biotechnology, School of Chemical and Life Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, Proteomics & Translational Research Lab, Centre for Medical Biotechnology, Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, Department of Biotechnology, School of Chemical and Life Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, Departments of Medical Biochemistry, HIMSR, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062