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Cytotoxic Effect of 5-Fluorouracil-loaded Polymer-coated Magnetite Nanographene Oxide Combined with Radiofrequency

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Leili Asadi, Sakine Shirvalilou, Sepideh Khoee and Samideh Khoei*   Pages 1148 - 1155 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Despite the development of conventional therapies including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hyperthermia, the prognosis remains very poor. Recently, integration of conventional therapy and multifunctional nanoparticles have attracted a lot of attention because it produces a synergistic effect and better diagnostic and therapeutic efficiency.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the uptake and cytotoxic effects of polycaprolactone (PCL)/chitosan (CHI)-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nano-graphene oxide (SPION-NGO) as a carrier of 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) and radiofrequency (RF) hyperthermia using an alternate magnetic field (AMF) with 13.56 MHz frequency on the proliferation capacity level of CT26 colon cancer cell line in a monolayer culture.

Method: The release of the newly synthesised 5-Fu-loaded PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO was measured in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) using the dialysis bag method. The cellular uptake of 5-Fu-loaded PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO was measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The cytotoxic effects of 5-Fu, 5-Fu-PCL/CHISPION- NGO and PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO with and without RF hyperthermia were determined using the colony formation assay.

Results: Particle size and zeta potential of 5-Fu-PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO and PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO were 61.2 nm and −1.87 mV and 43.4 nm and −10.19 mV, respectively. Spectroscopy results demonstrated that the cellular uptake of 5-Fu-PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO increased with elevated nanostructure concentrations. The results revealed that the proliferation capacity of the cells decreased with 5-Fu or 5-Fu-PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO in combination with RF hyperthermia. Furthermore, extent of reduction in colony number following treatment with 5- Fu-PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO in combination with AMF was significantly more than 5-Fu + hyperthermia.

Conclusion: Therefore, PCL/CHI-SPION-NGO can deliver 5-Fu more efficiently into the CT26 cells.

Keywords:

5-Fluorouracil, nano-graphene oxide, magnetic nanoparticles, alternative magnetic field, hyperthermia, colon cancer.

Affiliation:

Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Polymer Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran



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