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Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Novel Triazoles Linked 7-hydroxycoumarin as Potent Cytotoxic Agents

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 11 ]

Author(s):

Saleem Farooq*, Aashiq Hussain, Mushtaq A. Qurishi, Abid Hamid* and S. Koul   Pages 1531 - 1539 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: BacCancer is regarded as second leading cause of death worldwide. Therefore, there is a high demand for the discovery, development and improvement of novel anti-cancer agents which could efficiently prevent proliferative pathways and clonal expansion of cells.

Objective: In view of this, a new series of bioactive scaffolds viz triazoles linked 7-hydroxycoumarin (1) were synthesized using click chemistry approach.

Method: All the synthesized compounds were screened for cytotoxicity against a panel of seven different human cancer cell lines viz. Colon (Colo-205 and HCT-116), breast (MCF-7), lung (NCI-H322 and A549), prostate (PC-3) and skin (A-431) using 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-yl)-diphenyl tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay.

Results: Among all tested analogs, compound 5, displayed better cytotoxic activity as compared to the parent 7- hydroxycoumarin (1) with IC50 of 5.1, 22.7, 14.3 and 10.2 µM against breast (MCF-7), lung (NCI- H322), prostate (PC-3) and skin (A-431) cancer cell lines, respectively; the compound 5 was 8-fold more sensitive against MCF-7 than the parent 7-hydroxycoumarin. Moreover, Compound 5 induced both cytotoxic as well as cytostatic effects via induction of apoptosis and G1 phase arrest, respectively in breast cancer cells (MCF-7). The apoptotic cell population enhanced to 18.8% at 8 µM of 5 from 9.8% in case of negative control, while G1 phase arrest increased to 54.4% at 8 µM compared to negative control of 48.1%. Moreover, Compound 5 also exhibited a remarkable decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential (ΛΨm) leading to apoptosis of cancer cells used.

Conclusion: The structure-activity relationship study revealed that the derivatives bearing electron-withdrawing substituents were more effective. The present study resulted in identification of the compounds demonstrating broad spectrum cytotoxic activity.

Keywords:

Natural products, prangos pabularia, 7-hydroxycoumarin, structure modification, cancer cell lines, cytotoxic agents.

Affiliation:

Bioorganic Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal road Jammu-180001, Jammu and Kashmir, Cancer Pharmacology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal road Jammu-18000, Jammu and Kashmir, Islamic University of Science & Technology, Department of Chemistry, Awantipora, Jammu and Kashmir, Cancer Pharmacology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal road Jammu-18000, Jammu and Kashmir, Bioorganic Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal road Jammu-180001, Jammu and Kashmir

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