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Effect of Number of Bifunctional Chelating Agents on the Pharmacokinetics and Immunoreactivity of 177Lu-labeled Rituximab: A Systemic Study

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Mohini Guleria, Tapas Das*, Chandan Kumar, Rohit Sharma, Jeyachitra Amirdhanayagam, Haladhar D. Sarma and Ashutosh Dash   Pages 146 - 153 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Objective: Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been radiolabeled with a variety of radioisotopes utilizing various kinds of bi-functional chelating agents (BFCAs) with an aim to develop suitable agents for radioimmunotherapy. The number of BFCA moieties present per antibody molecule plays a significant role in determining the pharmacokinetics and immunoreactivity exhibited by the radiolabeled antibodies. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of the number of BFCA moieties present per antibody molecule on the pharmacokinetics and immunoreactivity of the 177Lu-labeled Rituximab.

Methods: Three different mAb-BFCA conjugates were prepared using different molar ratios of Rituximab (mAb) to p-NCS-benzyl-DOTA (BFCA) viz. 1:5, 1:10 and 1:50 employing different reaction conditions. Studies were carried out to determine the average number of BFCAs attached per mAb molecule. All the three mAb-BFCA conjugates were labeled with 177Lu(III) and were subsequently evaluated in normal Swiss mice to ascertain their respective pharmacokinetic behavior. In-vitro studies were also performed in Raji cell lines (human burkitt's lymphoma) for determining the effect of increasing number of BFCAs attached per mAb molecule on the immunoreactivity of the resultant 177Lu-labeled mAb-BFCA complexes.

Results: 177Lu-labeled mAb-BFCA complex prepared corresponding to 1:50 mAb to BFCA ratio exhibited the least non-specific uptake and rapid clearance from majority of the organs, but also exhibited least immunoreactive fraction (IRF = 19.37%). On the other hand, 177Lu-labeled mAb-BFCA complex prepared corresponding to 1:5 mAb to BFCA ratio exhibited the highest non-specific uptake and slower clearance pattern, but highest IRF (71.17%). 177Lu-labeled mAb-BFCA complex prepared corresponding to 1:10 mAb:BFCA ratio exhibited intermediate pharmacokinetic behaviour with moderate IRF (53.05%).

Conclusions: The present study indicates that antibody to BFCA ratio plays a crucial role in determining the immunoreactivity and pharmacokinetic behavior of the radiolabeled antibodies and must be prudently chosen for their successful therapeutic application.

Keywords:

Monoclonal antibody, rituximab, BFCA, 177Lu-rituximab, pharmacokinetics, immunoreactivity, swiss mice.

Affiliation:

Radiopharmaceuticals Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085, Radiopharmaceuticals Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085, Radiopharmaceuticals Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085, Radiopharmaceuticals Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085, Radiopharmaceuticals Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085, Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085, Radiopharmaceuticals Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400 085

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